Hebridean Coastline
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ICZM Definition

ICZM – Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) has been defined by UK Government as ‘a process that brings together all those involved in the development, management and use of the coast within a framework that facilitates the integration of their interests and responsibilities. The objective is to establish sustainable levels of economic and social activity in our coastal areas while protecting the coastal environment. ICZM is essential to the ecosystem-based approach’

The Principles for ICZM are:

 
A broad overall perspective which will take into account the interdependence and disparity of natural systems and human activities with an impact on coastal areas.
A long-term perspective which will take into account the precautionary principle and the needs of present and future generations.
Adaptive management during a gradual process which will facilitate adjustment as problems and knowledge develop. This implies the need for a sound scientific basis concerning the evolution of the coastal zone
Local specificity and the great diversity of European coastal zones, which will make it possible to respond to their practical needs with specific solutions and flexible measures.
Working with natural processes and respecting the carrying capacity of ecosystems, which will make human activities more environmentally friendly, socially responsible and economically sound.
Involving all the parties concerned in the management process, for example by means of agreements and based on shared responsibility.
Support and involvement of relevant administrative bodies at a national, regional and local level between which appropriate links should be established or maintained with the aim of improved coordination of the various existing policies. Partnership with and between regional and local authorities should apply where appropriate
Use of a combination of instruments designed to facilitate coherence between sectoral policy objectives and coherence between planning and management.